Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Litigation

Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Litigation

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Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are gaining more attention as days pass. Aside from the advantages that cryptocurrencies have like anonymity and easy international transactions, people are enticed by the fact that it can become a good investment. Apart from trading bitcoins for cash, you can also use bitcoins to buy gift cards, book flights, and hotels, buy furniture, or even buy real estate properties. Bitcoin purchases are not taxed at the moment since there is no way for third parties to identify, track, or intercept transactions that use bitcoins. Transaction fees are considerably lower as well compared to credit card transactions or services like Paypal.

Although there are many advantages in using bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies, just like any other investments, you should always be careful with your transactions. Since cryptocurrency is not regulated, many unscrupulous people have taken advantage of this and incidents of fraudulent cryptocurrencies, and other types of scam related to cryptocurrency have happened. One example of this is Prodeum, a cryptocurrency start-up that scammed its investors in just one weekend.

Because of these scams, law firms have now been involved in helping the victims. Cryptocurrency litigation has now become something that some lawyers specialize in. There are a lot of factors to consider when a cryptocurrency dispute arises. Aside from fraudulent Initial Coin Offering (ICO), lawyers could get involved if the cryptocurrency was used to launder money or hide assets; they could also get involved when there is an issue with the company, commercial, or intellectual property laws being violated in relation to cryptocurrency.

Here are some things that you can do as a cryptocurrency user to avoid being scammed:

1. Research. – Just like with any other investments that you will make, research is essential. When investing in an ICO, make sure to read and dissect their white papers to ensure that you’re working with reliable people. Take time to research the people behind the ICO, their whole team, board members, and other investors. It’s vital for you to learn as much as you can about the company before investing so that there will be no unpleasant surprises.

2. Be vigilant. – Cryptocurrency is still primarily bought and sold at exchanges. Because cryptocurrency is something new and the fuss around it is its value, many people get scammed by the promise of unrealistic prices. If an exchange promises incredible discounts or offers that seem too good to be true, it probably is. Another thing that you can do to avoid bitcoin exchange scams is to check the exchange’s URL. If a website’s address starts with HTTPS instead of just HTTP, that means that the traffic is encrypted and therefore has more protection.

3. Only use trusted sources. – Hardware wallet is a physical device that stores your private keys. Hardware wallets offer more protection from hacking since there is no way for hackers to access them when you’re not online. However, hackers have now found a way around that. Some hackers sell hardware wallets that have a backdoor for them to access all your cryptocurrency and the best way to avoid this is only to accept hardware wallets from trusted sources.

In need of expert legal advice? Contact us at Hogan Injury.

None of the content on Hoganinjury.com is legal advice nor is it a replacement for advice from a certified lawyer. Please consult a legal professional for further information.

Original article posted on the Hogan Injury Website

Syndicated article, by permission, posted on Markethive, by Jeffrey Sloe

Visit MarketHive to learn more: http://markethive.com/jeffreysloe

Ukraine: Economic Development and Trade Ministry Launches State Policy to Legalize Crypto

Ukraine: Economic Development and Trade Ministry Launches State Policy to Legalize Crypto

The Economic Development and Trade Ministry of Ukraine has initiated a “state policy” for the classification and legalization of crypto-related activities, Ukrainian state information and news agency Ukrinform reported Oct. 26.

The Ministry has reportedly issued an official press release stating that its purpose is to “create understandable conditions for conducting activities in the field of virtual assets and virtual currencies," and to usher in “adoption of the concept of a state policy” for crypto.

To this end, it has proposed establishing legal definitions for key terms, including “virtual currency” (“cryptocurrency,”) “virtual assets,” Initial Coin (or Token) Offerings (ICOs or ITOs), cryptocurrency mining, “smart contracts,” and “tokens.”

Ukrinform reports the concept is expected to be implemented in two stages, and will be completed in 2021.

Although Ukraine has not until now regulated crypto, the first signs the country was on track to its legalization surfaced in mid-May, when a member of the parliament, Alexei Mushak, attached a copy of an apparent draft legislation document for crypto to his public Facebook page.

The document outlined that the legislation aims to create a “free and transparent” digital asset market, outlining rules for storing, using, and exchanging crypto, digital tokens, and smart contracts at a state, entity, and individual level.

In mid-September, the country’s parliament proposed a draft bill that, if signed into law, would levy a five percent tax on individuals’ and entities’ crypto holdings. For businesses’ crypto-related profits, it proposed the basic corporate and personal income tax rate of 18 percent.

An alternative bill proposing specific crypto tax exemptions and a slightly different definition of various types of crypto assets was put forward by a Ukrainian legislator in early October.

As of mid-October, a dedicated working group within the Ministry of Finance has reportedly been working to elaborate the framework for crypto taxation.

In parallel, the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) is considering a state digital currency tied to the local fiat currency, the hryvnia, which would be centralized and remain under government control.

Original article posted on Cointelegraph

Article written by Marie Huillet

Posted on this site by Jeffrey Sloe

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5 Scary Side Effects of a B-12 Deficiency

5 Scary Side Effects of a B-12 Deficiency

B vitamins support normal functions performed by the brain and nervous system, support adrenal function. Vitamin B-12 is also required for critical metabolic processes like DNA synthesis, production of neurotransmitters, energy production and is required for the development of red blood cells.

Vitamin B-12 is found in animal-derived foods such as dairy, eggs, meat, poultry and fish. Diets that limit these foods and/or poor absorption may lead to a Vitamin B-12 deficiency. Prolonged Vitamin B-12 deficiency can lead to serious mental[2] and physical symptoms[1], such as:

  • Fatigue and muscle weakness
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Personality and mood changes
  • Memory Loss
  • Dementia

Although deficiency can present differently for everyone, there are four basic stages:

Stage 1:

This is the earliest stage, so there are no noticeable signs or symptoms of deficiency. However, low levels can be detected through a blood test.

Stage 2:

Low blood levels of B-12 are detectable, and cellular dysfunction begins to set in. Some symptoms may start to be present.

Stage 3:

Neurological, psychological and gastrointestinal symptoms, such as indigestion and discomfort, may be present in this phase. Also, without sufficient levels of Vitamin B-12, methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine (HCY) build up in the body. An elevated level of HCY in blood is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease[3] and should be monitored by a physician.

Stage 4:

The final and most severe stage of B-12 deficiency can lead to lasting damage[2] to the nervous system.

Getting Enough Vitamin B-12

You can prevent these devastating side effects by including B-rich foods in your diet, supplementing when necessary with high-quality Vitamin B-12 and having your Vitamin B-12 levels checked as part of your annual physical exam.

References:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitamin-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355025
  2. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/vitamin-B12
  3. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p979.html

Original article written by and posted on Trivita.com

Posted by Jeffrey Sloe on Markethive

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What is a Cryptocurrency Crowdsale?

What is a Cryptocurrency Crowdsale?

People are selling mysterious cryptocurrency 'tokens'—but why?

Ideas are cheap. It’s the execution that's valuable. It takes effort and skill to convert an idea into something useful, and both of those things are expensive.

Over the last few years, crowdfunding has emerged as a way to generate the money needed to turn ideas into reality. Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo have emerged as ways to crowdsource funding in the form of donations. Now, though, the cryptocurrency world has generated another form of fundraising: the crowdsale.

Crowdselling vs Crowdfunding

Unlike traditional crowdfunding, a crowdsale doesn’t pre-sell a widget or promise to put your name in the credits of a movie. Instead, it sells you something that you might not know what to do with unless you are clued in: a token.

A token is an intrinsic component in a next-generation cryptocurrency 2.0 application. Like bitcoin, it isn’t something that you can physically hold. Instead, it is an electronic record—a kind of digital poker chip—stored on your computer, or mobile device.

Tokens are designed to let you participate in the project that will eventually be launched as a result of the crowdsale. Depending on what service the project offers, the token will serve as a kind of access ticket to that service.

If the project is a software application that lets you find ridesharing partners without the use of a central website, for example, then you might use tokens to pay for your rides. Conversely, if you are the owner of the vehicle and up giving someone a ride, you may be paid tokens by the network. So the tokens are a kind of currency for use within a specific online service.

Why Crowdsales Happen

The crowdsale generally happens before a project has officially launched its service. It is designed to generate funds for the development of the project, helping to pay for software developers, marketing budgets, and all the other things that a startup needs.

It can also be used to measure interest in a particular project. If no one buys the tokens, then the company developing the project might want to reconsider its options.

The really interesting part of a crowdsale is what happens to the tokens later on. In many cases, they will be bought and sold on the open market, gaining their own market value independently of the application that they are used for.

This is another way to encourage early adopters. They may buy tokens because they believe in the potential of a particular online service. If the project becomes as successful as they think, then the tokens might increase in value, turning them a pretty profit later on.

The Legality of Tokens

Therein lies one of the dangers in the crowdsale concept, though. There isn’t yet much accountability. If a company sells a bunch of tokens and then collapses due to bad management—or worse, simply vanishes—what happens to all those poor folks who invested their money?

In the conventional investment world, there are rules governing who can invest in a young startup company. Investors must be accredited, for their own protection. Otherwise, every uneducated, inexperienced investor would be piling their retirement savings into a venture that they were told was a sure bet, only to lose their shirts.

But the rules around crowdsales aren’t yet clear. Regulators have strict rules about issuing financial securities such as shares in a company, for example. There haven’t been many, if any, regulatory investigations of companies engaging in crowdsales.

Crowdsales are still a very new concept, though, with only a few companies having done them. Should tokens be classified as securities, and therefore regulated? The position on this isn’t yet clear, and each case will probably be judged on its own merits.

Crowdsales have been conducted via companies like Swarm, and Koinfy. The same rules apply here as elsewhere, though: understand what you are buying, why you are buying it, and the risk that you are taking in doing so.

Are you buying speculatively? Or are you purchasing tokens simply because you really want to use the application? Are you prepared to accept the loss if the service never launches? Never invest anything that you are not prepared to lose.

Article written by Danny Bradbury

Original article posted on The Balance

Posted on Markethive by Jeffrey Sloe

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Bone Value of Vitamin D Called into Question

Bone Value of Vitamin D Called into Question

Review found no effect, but didn’t address the vitamin’s other benefits

Supplemental vitamin D may not help prevent bone fractures, judging by the results of a new evidence review.

But none of the clinical trials included in the review lasted more than one year and the maximum doses provided weren’t much higher than the rather conservative U.S. RDA.

In addition, some — though not all — studies show that combining vitamin D with calcium does bolster bone strength.

Yet, in sadly predictable fashion, some headlines jumped to the ridiculous conclusion that “it’s time to toss your vitamin D pills”.

Those headlines are misleading because there’s good evidence linking supplemental vitamin D to enhanced heart and metabolic health and reduced risks of death from cancer and other causes.

And next month we expect to see results from “VITAL” clinical trial, which is testing the effects of vitamin D3 and omega-3 fish oil on the risks for cancer and cardiovascular disease.

That trial is exceptionally large (25,000+ participants) and lengthy (eight-year), and the doses being used are reasonably high, so it should provide a better sense of the heart and cancer value of both supplements.

In today’s article, we’ll do three things:

  • Scrutinize the negative conclusions of a recent evidence review.
  • Look at a recent study that boosts the cardiovascular value of vitamin D.
  • Review the evidence that vitamin D can reduce cancer and overall death rates.

Review sees little or no bone-health value from vitamin D pills
Recent, large-scale evidence reviews haven’t seen much effect of vitamin D on bone-mineral density or the risks for falls or fractures.

Likewise, earlier this month, researchers from New Zealand and Scotland reported results from an evidence review that also question the bone-protection value of supplemental vitamin D (Bolland MJ et al. 2018).

Most of the 81 clinical trials studied the effects of relatively modest doses of supplemental vitamin D (not combined with calcium) and lasted one year or less.

More than three quarters of the trials (77%) involved women over the age of 65, and more than two-thirds (68%) of the trials involved vitamin D doses of at least 800 IU.

The new evidence review was led by Mark Bolland, Ph.D., an associate professor of endocrinology at New Zealand’s University of Auckland.

As Bolland said, “Since the last major review of evidence in 2014, more than 30 randomized controlled trials on vitamin D and bone health have been published, nearly doubling the evidence base available. Our meta-analysis finds that vitamin D does not prevent fractures, falls or improve bone mineral density, whether at high or low dose.”

After analyzing the 81 trials, they found little evidence that vitamin D supplements prevent fractures or falls to significant extents, or significantly improve bone mineral density — even when the daily doses provided to participants reached 800 IU or more.

However, 800 IU is not a particularly high daily dose. The conservative U.S. RDA for children and adults is 600 IU, while leading vitamin D researchers recommend taking between 1,000 and 4,000 IU daily.

Specifically, the Kiwi-Scottish team found no clinically significant effect — defined as a 15% reduction in risk or greater — of vitamin D on total fractures, hip fractures, or falls.

Nor did the evidence reviewers found any effect of vitamin D at lower benefit-thresholds: a 7.5% reduction in the risk of falls and a 5% reduction in the risk of any fractures.

The evidence did show small bone-density gains in the lumbar spine, femoral (upper leg bone) "neck", and elsewhere in the body — but again, none of these gains were deemed clinically relevant.

Most of the trials (91%) covered by the review reported that supplementation achieved vitamin D blood levels of 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) — which the U.S. IOM considers barely adequate — while only about half reported achieving levels of 75 nmol/L (30 ng/mL) or more, which are generally considered adequate, but not optimal.

Official review saw bone benefit from vitamin D + calcium
A Tufts University team working on behalf of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force found significant evidence that — in combination with calcium — supplemental vitamin D can reduce the risk of fractures in people who don’t get enough sun exposure, such as older adults in institutional settings.

As they reported, “Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation can reduce fracture risk, but the effects may be smaller among community-dwelling older adults than among institutionalized elderly persons.” (Chung M et al. 2011)

Recent study found vitamin D can repair damaged cardiovascular tissue
Earlier this year, Ohio University scientists discovered that vitamin D can help restore damage to the cardiovascular system.

Their study shows that vitamin D3 can significantly restore damage to the cardiovascular system caused by hypertension, diabetes, or atherosclerosis, while also reducing the risk of heart attack.

That conclusion is supported by the findings from several studies. For example, see Vitamin D Heart-Health Link Affirmed, Vitamin D Lack Raises Heart-Death Risk, and Vitamin D Clinical Trial Detects Anti-Diabetes Benefits, which provide links to related reports.

Vitamin D3 is the optimally beneficial form, which the body makes in response to sun exposure, and for which wild salmon are the best food sources, by far (see Wild Salmon Beats Farmed for Vitamin D, Again.) Some supplements and a few plant foods, especially mushrooms, contain a form called vitamin D2, which isn’t as beneficial.

As lead author Dr. Tadeusz Malinski, M.D., said, “Generally, vitamin D3 is associated with the bones. However … many patients who have a heart attack will have a deficiency of D3. It doesn't mean that the deficiency caused the heart attack, but it increased the risk of heart attack. We used nano-sensors to see why vitamin D3 can be beneficial, especially for the function and restoration of the cardiovascular system.”

He and his team discovered that vitamin D3 powerfully stimulates production of nitric oxide (NO), which is a major signaling molecule in the regulation of blood flow and the prevention of dangerous arterial clots. They also found that vitamin D3 significantly reduces the level of oxidative stress (from an excess of free radicals) in the cardiovascular system.

Dr. Malinski made an important point: “There are not many, if any, known systems which can be used to restore cardiovascular endothelial cells which are already damaged, and vitamin D3 can do it. This is a very inexpensive solution to repair the cardiovascular system. We don't have to develop a new drug. We already have it.”

Because damage to cardiovascular tissues can go unnoticed for long periods of time, it seems wise to maintain abundant blood levels of vitamin D3.

Other reviews tie vitamin D to reduced death and fracture risk
Focusing on the bone-health effects of vitamin D can easily distract attention from the hormone-like nutrient’s broad effects in the body.

Four evidence reviews published from 2007 to 2014 found evidence that supplemental vitamin D may reduce the risk of death from cancer and other causes:

  • “The data suggest that supplementation of vitamin D is effective in preventing overall mortality in a long-term treatment, whereas it is not significantly effective in a treatment duration shorter than 3 years.” (Zheng Y et al. 2013)
  • “Over 2-7 years of duration, vitamin D supplementation (400-1100 IU per day) had little effect on total cancer incidence … but significantly reduced total cancer mortality.” (Keum N et al. 2014)
  • “Intake of ordinary doses of vitamin D supplements seems to be associated with decreases in total mortality rates.” (Autier P et al. 2007)
  • “Evidence from observational studies indicates inverse associations of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D with risks of death due to cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other causes. Supplementation with vitamin D3 significantly reduces overall mortality among older adults.” (Chowdhury R et al. 2014)

Given the substantial evidence that vitamin D enhances heart and metabolic health and may reduce the risk of death from cancer and other causes, it doesn’t make sense for media reports — or physicians who should know better — to suggest tossing your vitamin D supplements.

Sources

  • Autier P, Gandini S. Vitamin D supplementation and total mortality: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Sep 10;167(16):1730-7. Review.
  • Bolland MJ, Grey A, Avenell A. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018 Oct 4. pii: S2213-8587(18)30265-1. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30265-1.
  • Chowdhury R, Kunutsor S, Vitezova A, Oliver-Williams C, Chowdhury S, Kiefte-de-Jong JC, Khan H, Baena CP, Prabhakaran D, Hoshen MB, Feldman BS, Pan A, Johnson L, Crowe F, Hu FB, Franco OH. Vitamin D and risk of cause specific death: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational cohort and randomised intervention studies. BMJ. 2014 Apr 1;348:g1903. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g1903. Review.
  • Chung M, Lee J, Terasawa T, Lau J, Trikalinos TA. Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Dec 20;155(12):827-38. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-155-12-201112200-00005. Review.
  • Keum N, Giovannucci E. Vitamin D supplements and cancer incidence and mortality: a meta-analysis. Br J Cancer. 2014 Aug 26;111(5):976-80. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.294. Epub 2014 Jun 10.
  • Zheng Y, Zhu J, Zhou M, Cui L, Yao W, Liu Y. Meta-analysis of long-term vitamin D supplementation on overall mortality. PLoS One. 2013 Dec 3;8(12):e82109. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082109. eCollection 2013.

Article courtesy of and posted on the Vital Choice website

Article posted by Jeffrey Sloe

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There’s A Giant White Sewer Rat In Wall Street And It’s Preaching Bitcoin

There’s A Giant White Sewer Rat In Wall Street And It’s Preaching Bitcoin

There’s a really interesting piece of art down in Wall Street that has captured the people’s attention for some time now. It’s a rat, and a really huge one for that matter.

Nelson Saiers And The Rat

This new phenomenon sits across the street right opposite the Federal Reserve building. However, it’s not the giant white inflatable rat that’s been stirring up Wall Street, but rather what it actually represents. The man responsible for the huge rat’s existence on America’s most popular street is one Nelson Saiers. Nelson spent the better part of his life as a hedge fund manager in Wall Street until he stopped trading in 2014. Since then, Nelson has dedicated his time to revealing the ills of the traditional financial system that he believes is way too broken to survive in the long run.

To better put his point across, this man has opted to use art. In fact, he’s not alone in this line of thinking. There have been numerous cases of people using art to speak to the public about the broken system. Often, they leave spectacular pieces of art or paintings on buildings all across cities. Such art has been spotted in a number of the world’s most popular cities – including France’s Paris.

The Federal Reserve Vs Bitcoin

In precise terms, the huge inflatable sewer rat bearing down on the US Federal Reserve building has its body covered with art depicting Bitcoin code, a spectacle that symbolizes Nelson’s perception of a better financial system as opposed to the mainstream centralized system. In his view, a decentralized crypto ecosystem would do much better than the current system that operates under the tight grip of the authorities.

Indeed, the last two decades have seen various artists come out to use their talents to depict the apparent financial inequalities in the current system. One of the most prominent artists in this school of thought is Banksy. In Banksy’s opinion, a rat is a symbol of resilience and freedom, saying that rats exist without permission and have zero attachment to conservative societal standards. Back in 2016, Andreas Antonopoulous referred to Bitcoin as the “sewer rat of currencies.” Andreas is computer scientist. He went on to give the imagery of an injured but dynamic and robust financial system represented by the sewer rat.

Nicknamed “The Warhol of Wall Street,” Nelson’s ambition doesn’t start or end with the giant white inflatable sewer rat bearing down on the Federal Reserve building. This isn’t his first such project. In fact, he plans to remove the rat once its point is home. With such things happening, Bitcoin seems to be gaining more traction in terms of popularity and credibility as the valid alternative to the restrictive traditional financial system. Could such acts cause a Bitcoin bull run?

Article written by Nick James

Article posted on Ethereum World News

Jeffrey Sloe

Visit MarketHive to learn more: http://markethive.com/jeffreysloe

Vitamin C Health and Wellness Products’ Comparison

Comparing Five Vitamin C Health and Wellness Products Listed on Amazon

Ever since I can remember, when the colder weather would arrive we would start taking vitamin C supplements. The main reason was to prevent a cold. I'm not sure how effective it was, but it was the norm when we were younger. So, as the colder weather arrives, I've decided to do a vitamin C comparison, from products sold on Amazon. Enjoy!  

 


Nature Made Vitamin C 1000mg, 300 Tablets

Nature Made Vitamin C imageVitamin C is an antioxidant that helps support the immune system and helps neutralize free radicals in the body. Additionally, vitamin C is necessary for the body to manufacture collagen, which is important for healthy skin.[1] Nature Made Vitamin C 1000 mg is ideal for those looking to supplement their diet, if it is low in fruit and vegetables, to meet daily vitamin C nutrient needs.  

 

 

 

 


NOW Vitamin C-1000 Sustained Release, 250 Tablets

NOW Vitamin C-1000 imageVitamin C is a water soluble nutrient well known for its vital role in the immune system.[1] Vitamin C is also necessary for the production of collagen (a structural protein in connective tissue) and is therefore important for skin, bone, and joint health.[1] This product was specially formulated to provide a sustained release of Vitamin C and includes Rose Hips as an added source of Vitamin C. 

 

 

 

 


Nature's Way Vitamin C 1000 mg with Bioflavonoids

Nature's Way Vitamin C 1000 imageNature's Way Vitamin C 1000 mg with Bioflavonoids is produced to superior quality standards to provide powerful antioxidant protection.[1] Our Vitamin C is always gluten free and vegetarian.    

 

 

 

 

 

 


Viva Naturals Premium Non-GMO Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids & Rose Hips, 1000 mg, 250 Veg Caps

Viva Naturals Premium Non-GMO Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids imageViva Naturals Vitamin C delivers a high-quality dose of Quali-C, one of the world’s leading brands of this essential nutrient. Formulated with citrus bioflavonoids and rose hips that provide additional antioxidant support, Viva Naturals Vitamin C not only supports immune health, but it can help fight wrinkle-causing free radicals and aid with your body’s ability to produce skin-firming collagen as well.[1]

 

 

 

 


MegaFood – Complex C, Supports Immunity and Well-being with Rosehips and Orange, Vegan, Gluten-Free, Non-GMO, 90 Tablets

MegaFood - Complex C imageComplex C is a natural blend designed to support the immune system against everyday threats. We bring together two blends of botanicals and fruits with organic amla fruit, green pepper, rosehips, orange, and more. Each ingredient contributes antioxidants like vitamin C to help boost your natural immune defenses. Complex C supports your immune system with an edge to promote a happy, healthy life.[1]

 

 

 

 


Vitamin C Customer Reviews on Amazon

Nature Made Vitamin C 1000mg, 300 Tablets

"After taking this for few weeks, I could feel a difference within my body. Vitamin C something that everybody should be taken. Along with taking other vitamins such as vitamin B12 in omega-3's highly recommended." – Ivana

"take vitamin c for my health. helps me stay healthy and keeps me from getting sick during flu and cold season. I take 2 a day and it still last me a long a time." – arnold

"A nice big bottle of Vitamin C. Probably should be eating oranges instead, but this is a boost of sunshine without peeling." – April G.

   

 

 


NOW Vitamin C-1000 Sustained Release, 250 Tablets

"Vitamin C needs to be taken in large doses of several thousand mg per day for the average human. Recent studies even recommend inravenous mega dosing in cases where the body has been severely compromised by stress. I take 2,000 per day, every day and have not had a cold or flu for many years. I'm 59 years old so that's saying a lot." – MamaFiner "

Great brand a great dosages. I am a flight attendant and had read that Vitamin C can help fight off cancer causing particles caused by the radiation emitted why flying long distances throughout North pole. So i started taking these daily, usually one with every meal, however sometimes more. I've read the key with vitamin c is to take a much as your body can take before getting a runny stool, then just take slightly less. Seems to work great for me. I'll continue with this brand." – A. Santos

"Can't deny the fact that this is one of my best supplements. Does wonders to my skin as well. Remember taking C1000 while pregnant with my second son and I never had any issue with flu even though my first son caught it and was with me all through. Will be buying this again and again. Had to share some of mine with my mom and friend. Great price and quality product." – Debbie O.

   

 

 


Nature's Way Vitamin C 1000 mg with Bioflavonoids

"This is a good brand of supplement. They are third party tested by a lab in Canada for purity. I have trouble swallowing some of the Vitamin C pills because they are large. I like these a lot because they are capsules and much easier to swallow. They also do not upset my stomach. I have taken many courses on vitamins and supplements and many brands are not worth your money. This is one of the low end price brands that is quality." – Kim

"These are vey easy to take capsules. I especially appreciate the high milligrams because I require quite. admittedly, the liposomal ones are better, but that formula is too expensive for me. Good price too. I take two a day. There is a threshold with this product. Linus Pauling, who had great results with treating cancer took 18,000 mg each day. I ended up with diarrhea so I had to cease. Many people I know take them with Vitamin e, vitamin A and Beta Carotene and none have progressed to Barrett's Syndrome doing so." – Amazon Customer

"My system really appreciates the vitamin C! I've been taking two a day with no issues. Vitamin C is important for so many things. My only complaint is I wish the capsules could be a tiny bit smaller. They've not much longer than my "size 0" capsules, but they're thicker." – Stacy H.

 

   


Viva Naturals Premium Non-GMO Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids & Rose Hips, 1000 mg, 250 Veg Caps

"Perfect! The Victory Labs Vitamin C ended up being the perfect choice for me! I had surgery yesterday, and while trying to prep for it, I had to stop taking my muscle relaxers 2 weeks prior. Within 3 days, I could barely move. I purchased a bottle of Collagen and it recommended taking it with vitamin C for absorption. I think I read every label, hoping to get the best product for the money. The reviews For Viva Labs were great! I also based my decision for the Non-GMO product. I am very impressed with my results, and will continue to buy this product!!" – Ruthie

"I have gone thru 2 bottles of this vitamin C and no sickness, even with the flu in the house and at work. People are dropping like flies to the flu not me. Oh by the way no flu vaccine either." – walker

"I was so pleased to find a quality Vitamin C supplement in capsule form (I really don't care for those tart chewables), and I think the dosage size is great. I've been taking one 1000 mg capsule a day for a couple months. I got a little busy recently, and was taking them sporadically. After a long Labor Day weekend I somehow ended up with a cold. I woke up with a sore throat and sniffles…oh no. I took 4 capsules (4000 mg) a day, and knocked out the cold in three days. I would definitely recommend these, and I think a great value for this huge bottle." – comfortlover

   

 

 


MegaFood – Complex C, Supports Immunity and Well-being with Rosehips and Orange, Vegan, Gluten-Free, Non-GMO, 90 Tablets

"Taking this to lower my LDL-P as part of the double Nobel winner – Dr. Linus Pauling – therapy, along with L-proline & L-lysine. I'm off statins and rid of the nasty cramps statins gave me. Not to mention the likely dementia issues down the road. I tend to agree with the argument that whole vitamin C is better than ascorbic acid alone – which is like the shell of the molecule, missing the co-factors etc." – Elector

"I was taking the synthetic version of vitamin C, but after doing some research, I determined that natural Vitamin C with all the supporting nutrients like bioflavinoids, anthocyanins, etc., is the only way to go. The supporting nutrients along with the vitamin C work in synergy for a more profound effect on the body. Food based supplements is the way to go." – Health & Happiness

"Expensive, but simply the best way to take in your vitamin C beside drastically changing your diet. I take 2-4 on days when I am getting over a cold or trying to clear up sinus infection naturally along with Zink and Garlic pills. Take 1 to boost your immune system in winter. Goes a long way." – Krista

   

 

 


Additional Vitamin C Information

From its antioxidant value to the support of the immune system, Vitamin C has always been one of the most popular and well known vitamins. Vitamin C helps neutralize free radicals and helps iron get absorbed in the body. According to nutritionists and health experts, "Vitamin C not only provides much needed immune support, but it also contains antioxidant support to help combat and neutralize free radicals, the cell-damaging molecules associated with signs of aging."

Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, cannot be produced by the human body. It has to come from diet, as in the fruits and vegetables you eat, or through supplementation. Vitamin C is needed for the proper health and repair of multiple tissues in your body.

On the other hand, a life-threatening condition, called Scurvy, has been related to dietary vitamin C deficiency. The symptoms of scurvy include the ease of bruising and bleeding, and joint and muscle pains.

For maximum results, we need the best Vitamin C, a superior supplement that gives us… maximum absorption for quicker results… greater potency for stronger health support… and a body-friendly gentleness that will not upset the body's stomach or its pH balance. That's why I choose Dr. Alfred Libby's "Vital C". Vital C is NOT sold in stores or on Amazon. However, it will give your body a powerful flood of Vitamin C to help it get started right each day. If you'd like to learn more about Dr. Libby's Vital C, contact me, and I'll email you a link.

Jeffrey Sloe


Legal Disclaimer

[1] These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your doctor before starting any exercise or nutritional supplement program or before using these or any product during pregnancy or if you have a serious medical condition.

[2] Based on US News & World Report – Pharmacy Times Survey.

[3] Product descriptions and reviews are from Amazon.com. The "Buy from Amazon.com" button are there for your convenience  to learn more, read additional reviews, and/or to purchase the product(s).

References:

http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-Consumer/

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002404.htm

https://patient.info/health/vitamin-c-deficiency-leaflet

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Ethereum ETH Becomes First Base Currency on Bithumb’s Decentralized Exchange DEX

Ethereum (ETH) Becomes First Base Currency on Bithumb’s Decentralized Exchange (DEX)

Earlier on today, the South Korean exchange of Bithumb, launched its very own decentralized exchange.

In the news announcement, the team at Bithumb welcomed users to its platform effective October 15th, 2pm (UTC + 8).

The full announcement was as follows:

 

Dear user, Bithumb’s Decentralized Exchange (DEX) was officially launched on October 15, 2018 at 2 pm (UTC+8)! Bithumb DEX was launched by Hong Kong-based Blockchain & Fintech BGEX Ltd. Working with blockchain service innovator OneRoot Network, we are committed to discovering and listing more valuable cryptocurrencies. Thank you for your trust and support in Bithumb DEX!

 

Free Transactions For a Month and Airdrops

To further stimulate trading action on the new decentralized exchange, the team at Bithumb has launched the following initiatives to reward users of the new platform:

  • Free transaction fee for one month (October 15th to November 15th, 23:59)
  • Users will only pay Gas Fees on the Ethereum network
  • A total of approximately $ 100,000 (500 ETH) in rewards will be distributed by Airdrop
  • Airdrops will be based on trading activities from the 15th of October, till midnight, the 30th of October
  • Coins for the airdrop to be distributed to the top 1,000 traders who have traded for the 2 weeks mentioned above
  • Traders must have more than 1 ETH worth in trade volume for one of the following coins of DENT, INS, POA20, RNT and WTC to qualify for the airdrops
  • Payments will be announced on the 1st of November and will commence on the same day
  • Airdrops to be made at random using any of the digital assets of DENT, INS, POA20, RNT and WTC

 

Ethereum As the First Base Currency

Further analysis of the decentralized exchange yields the fact that Ethereum is the first and only base currency on the platform. The use of Ethereum has been made easier by integrating the DEX with MetaMask. A screenshot of the 10 digital assets paired with Ethereum can be found below. (Digital assets that are part of the airdrop, have a blue A besides them.)

Article posted on Ethereum World News

Written by John P. Njui

Posted by: Jeffrey Sloe

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How Best to Fuel Your Body After a Workout

How Best to Fuel Your Body After a Workout

Posted 8/6/2018 by UHBlog

Learn how to recover from a hard workout by fueling your body correctly. We can help.

All athletes know two things to be true: There’s nothing better than a post-workout high, and, after you sweat, you’re ready for a good meal.

If you want to make the most of your time off the field, your game plan should include high-performance foods, says registered dietitian nutritionist and board-certified sports dietitian Amy Jamieson-Petonic.
 

“Post-game nutrition promotes recovery and your ability to get back in the game faster,” she says.

Fuel Up First

First, you want to make sure your body is fueled for the workout.

“The goals of a pre-event meal are to top off your glycogen stores and to build and repair muscle tissue, Ms. Jamieson-Petonic says. “Make sure these meals are low in fat and fiber so you don’t have gastrointestinal distress.”

The meal should be eaten three to four hours prior to your activity. Then, 30 to 60 minutes before the event, have a lighter snack, such as a piece of fruit or sports bar and a sports drink or water.

Eat to Replenish

After the workout, your nutritional recovery should happen within 15 to 60 minutes post-exercise. Keep in mind the following steps:

  1. Restore fluids and electrolytes.
  2. Replace muscle fuel (meaning carbohydrates).
  3. Provide protein to repair/stimulate new tissue development.

“During exercise, you lose nutrients and fluid, so it’s important to replace them,” Ms. Jamieson-Petonic says. “Make sure to take in fluid and eat approximately 200 to 300 calories within the first two hours following exercise, and then continue to refuel from there.”

Some ideas of appropriate recovery meals include:

  • Graham crackers with peanut butter, a banana, and low-fat chocolate milk
  • Rice bowl with beans, cheese, salsa, avocado and whole-wheat tortilla chips
  • Whole-wheat pita with turkey, veggies, pretzels and low-fat milk
  • Stir fry with lean steak, broccoli, peppers, carrots and brown rice

Amy Jamieson-Petonic, M.Ed., RDN, CSSD, LD is a registered dietitian nutritionist and board-certified sports dietitian at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center. You can request an appointment with Jamieson-Petonic or any other healthcare professional online.

The article was posted on the University Hospitals Blog

Markethive Blog Blog post by Jeffrey Sloe 

NOTE: My personal comments: I don't always have the time and/or the proper groceries in the house, so it's not always easy to prepare and eat a recovery meal. However, I always have a supply of Essential Ammino Acids supplements, which helps me to maintain my strength, alnog with the repairing and building of muscle tissue.

 

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Yale University Investing in 400 Million Cryptocurrency Fund

Yale University Investing in $400 Million Cryptocurrency Fund

More Institutional Money Could Be on the Horizon

Cryptocurrency, Investing–Yale, one of the most prestigious Ivy League universities in the United States, is reportedly apart of the investment group that is helping to raise $400 million for a massive new cryptocurrency fund.

According to a report by Bloomberg published on Friday with information supplied from an anonymous source familiar with the situation, the university is trying its hand in cryptocurrency via the fund ‘Paradigm,’ which is reported to be helmed by Coinbase co-founder Fred Ehrsam, Charles Noyes of Pantera capital, and former Sequoia Capital partner Matt Huang. The Wall Street Journal had previously reported on the departure of Huang from Sequoia, making the move in order to join with Ehrsam in the creation of the new fund.

While this has been the first reported time that Yale has invested into cryptocurrencies on such a massive scale, the school has had its influence felt in a number of different industries, from Puerto Rican bonds to timber in New Hampshire, as reported by Bloomberg. Among the more interesting details listed in the report is the finding that Yale’s $30 billion endowment–the second largest among U.S. educational institutions–has earmarked a whopping 60 percent of its investment capital in 2019 for “alternative investments” which includes, among other things, “venture capital, hedge funds and leverage buyouts.” Added to the list now appears to be cryptocurrency, with a potential for other blockchain enterprises and even promising initial coin offerings (ICOs).

For now, the fund being led by Ehrsam is planning to invest in early stage cryptocurrency-based projects, novel blockchain designs and digital asset exchanges. Given the timing of the report, which comes just days after Coinbase was valuated at a colossal $8 billion–which would make the company one of the most valuable U.S. startups–the landscape of cryptocurrency exchanges appears to be immensely profitable and largely untapped. Earlier in the year, BitMEX co-founder Ben Delo became the youngest self-made billionaire in the history of the United Kingdom. Changpeng Zhao, the active CEO of cryptocurrency exchange Binance, announced that his company was on pace to eclipse $1 billion in profits by the end of 2018, despite it being an abysmal year for the valuation of the crypto markets.

Bloomberg points out that Yale’s $30 billion endowment, managed by David Swensen, is one of the few institutional investors to move into cryptocurrency this year, as the entire market finds itself in a bear cycle that has seen value plummet from the last all time high. Despite the opportunity and overnight fortunes that have characterized much of the last several years for cryptocurrency, institutional investors, on a whole, have been reluctant to put capital in to the markets to the degree that most current investors are anticipating.

The common refrain of “institutional money” is coming will not only signal legitimate interest in both the market and technology of cryptocurrency, but provide a much needed boost to alleviate the ongoing price bleed. Previous analysts, including the Bloomberg article on Yale, have cited a lack of regulation and the potential for widespread market manipulation as the primary deterrent for investing in cryptocurrency. However, with an investor as large and prestigious as Yale, commanding $30 billion in endowment, crypto-based funds might garner more interest even in the absence of a Bitcoin exchange traded fund being approved by the SEC.

Article written by Michael Laverne

Article originally posted on Ethereumworldnews.com

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